Choiseul, Étienne-François, duke de

   Born in Lorraine, Étienne-François, duke of Choiseul rose to power during the reign of louis XV through the influence of Mme de pompadour. He served as ambassador to Rome (1754) and secretary of state for foreign affairs (1758). In that capacity, combined with his authority over the naval and war ministries (his reform and buildup of the army and navy contributed later to French success in the American War of Independence), Choiseul controlled France's foreign policy for several years. His power increased during the Seven Years' War (1756-63). Although it was a disastrous conflict for France, he softened the defeats by negotiating the "Family Compact" alliance with Spain (1761) and directing the peace talks (1763). After the war, he restored France's power through an ambitious reform of the army and navy. In 1768, he acquired Corsica for France and strengthened ties with Austria in 1770 by arranging the marriage of the dauphin (later louis XVI) and Princess marie Antoinette. But Choiseul's foreign policy did have some weaknesses, as in his failure to prevent Russian expansion into Poland. After 1764, with the death of Mme de Pompadour and the rise of Mme du barry, whose enmity he incurred, Choiseul's position was weakened. In 1770, when his policies threatened to provoke another war with England, louis XV dismissed him. He did not play an active political role after this.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Choiseul, Étienne-François de Choiseul, duc de — ▪ French foreign minister also called (until 1758)  Comte (count) de Stainville  born June 28, 1719, Lorraine, France died May 8, 1785, Paris  French foreign minister who dominated the government of King Louis XV from 1758 to 1770.       Choiseul …   Universalium

  • Choiseul, Étienne-François de Choiseul, duke de — born June 28, 1719, Lorraine, France died May 8, 1785, Paris French foreign minister. He served with distinction in the War of the Austrian Succession. After serving as ambassador to the Vatican (1753–57) and to the Austrian court, he was made a… …   Universalium

  • Étienne François, duc de Choiseul — Étienne François de Choiseul. Painting by Charles van Loo …   Wikipedia

  • Etienne-Francois, Duc de Choiseul —     Etienne François, Duc de Choiseul     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Etienne François, Duc de Choiseul     French statesman, b. 28 June, 1719; d. in Paris 8 May, 1785. Until his thirty seventh year he pursued a military career and was known as the …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Étienne François de Choiseul — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Choiseul. Étienne François de Choiseul …   Wikipédia en Français

  • duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n., v., duked, duking. n. 1. (in Continental Europe) the male ruler of a duchy; the sovereign of a small state. 2. a British nobleman holding the highest hereditary title outside the royal family, ranking immediately below a… …   Universalium

  • Duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n. 1. Benjamin Newton, 1855 1929, and his brother, James Buchanan, 1856 1925, U.S. industrialists. 2. a male given name. * * * I European title of nobility, the highest rank below a prince or king except in countries having such… …   Universalium

  • François — (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet François Marie Arouet Babeuf François Noë l Barras Paul François Jean Nicolas viscount de Bichat Marie François Xavier Blanchard Jean Pierre François Boieldieu François Adrien Boucher François… …   Universalium

  • Étienne — Fr. /ay tyen /, n. Estienne (def. 1). * * * (as used in expressions) Bonnet Georges Étienne Boullée Étienne Louis Cartier Sir George Étienne Baronet Choiseul Étienne François de Choiseul duke de Condillac Étienne Bonnot de Henri II Étienne… …   Universalium

  • François Joseph de Choiseul, marquis de Stainville — (1700–1770) was a diplomat and courtier in the service of the Dukes of Lorraine. Choiseul was a chief advisor later serving as Ambassador to Britain and France.[1] When the House of Lorraine were ousted from Lorraine during the War of the Polish… …   Wikipedia

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